Version 21 (modified by Sam Hocevar, 8 years ago) (diff)

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The January 2010 media player debacle

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Yes, it’s a debacle again. While some players such as MPlayer had their stability improved, zzuf could again find bugs with most files, especially video codecs. All programs are the latest version in Debian amd64 sid as of 2010/01/14.

Each of these bugs was found in less than 2 minutes of zzuf action, meaning that the “robust” cells are even less trustworthy than last time.

  • “?” means zzuf could not properly fuzz the application
  • “robust” means zzuf could not find a crash in reasonable time

Audio codecs

VLC MPlayer xine FFmpeg GStreamer mpg321 ogg123
MP3 robust SIGSEGV SIGFPE ? ? robust N/A
Ogg Vorbis ? robust SIGSEGV ? robust N/A robust
FLAC robust SIGABRT SIGFPE ? robust N/A SIGSEGV
AAC robust robust robust ? robust N/A N/A
AC-3/A52 robust robust ? ? robust N/A N/A
Speex ? SIGSEGV robust ? robust N/A ?
EAC3 SIGABRT robust robust ? robust N/A N/A

Video codecs

VLC MPlayer xine FFmpeg GStreamer
MPEG-1 SIGSEGV robust SIGSEGV ? robust
MPEG-2 SIGSEGV ? SIGSEGV ? ?
MPEG-4 AVI SIGSEGV SIGSEGV SIGSEGV ? ?
MPEG-4 ? SIGSEGV SIGSEGV ? SIGSEGV
Ogg Theora robust robust SIGSEGV ? ?
WMV SIGSEGV SIGSEGV SIGSEGV ? SIGSEGV
FLV SIGSEGV SIGSEGV SIGSEGV ? SIGSEGV

The January 2007 media player debacle

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Media players are especially sensitive to stream corruption. In fact, zzuf started its life as a tool to find bugs in the VLC media player software. The following table gives a few examples of crashes (all programs were the latest version in Debian i386 sid as of 2007/01/14). Click on each link to download the file that caused the crash:

Disclaimer 1: “robust” does not mean that there is no bug, it just means that zzuf could not find one in reasonable time.

Disclaimer 2: segmentation faults reported below are not necessarily bugs in the program itself; for instance, the MPEG-2 crashes are more likely due to a bug in the libmpeg2 library.


VLC MPlayer xine FFmpeg (ffplay) GStreamer (gst-launch) mpg321 ogg123
MP3 robust SIGSEGV robust robust robust robust N/A
Ogg Vorbis robust SIGSEGV robust SIGSEGV SIGSEGV N/A robust
MPEG-1 SIGSEGV SIGSEGV SIGSEGV SIGSEGV robust N/A N/A
MPEG-2 SIGSEGV SIGSEGV robust SIGSEGV SIGSEGV N/A N/A
MPEG-4 AVI SIGSEGV SIGSEGV SIGSEGV SIGSEGV deadlock? N/A N/A
FLAC robust SIGSEGV robust heap corruption robust N/A SIGFPE
Ogg Theora robust SIGSEGV robust SIGSEGV robust N/A N/A
WMV SIGSEGV SIGSEGV N/A SIGSEGV robust N/A N/A
AAC heap corruption SIGSEGV SIGSEGV N/A N/A N/A N/A
AC-3/A52 SIGSEGV robust (I KID YOU NOT) robust SIGSEGV N/A N/A N/A
Speex robust robust robust N/A robust N/A robust

Other bugs

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Here is a list of other bugs that were easily found using zzuf, each time in a matter of seconds.

  • OpenBSD (4.0 GENERIC#1107 i386)
nm lol-openbsd-nm SIGSEGV crash in strcmp(), not exploitable
objdump -T lol-openbsd-objdump SIGSEGV ?
  • Linux (Debian 4.0 i386 unstable)
nm lol-debian-nm SIGKILL memory usage exceeded
identify fuzz1.xpm fuzz2.xpm fuzz3.xpm SIGSEGV Memory corruption in ImageMagick. Security implications look promising.
antiword lol-antiword.doc SIGSEGV ?
firefox lol-firefox.gif BadAlloc X11 error
dvipng lol-dvipng.dvi SIGSEGV Also occurs with dvi2ps
giftopnm lol-giftopnm.gif SIGSEGV ?
nm lol-freebsd-nm SIGSEGV ?
  • Mac OS X (8.3.1 Darwin Kernel Version 8.3.1: Wed Nov 2 21:12:54 PST 2005; root:xnu-792.7.56.obj~6/RELEASE_I386 i386 i386)
nm lol-macosx-nm SIGSEGV ?
otool -I lol-macosx-otool SIGSEGV ?
  • HP-UX B.11.31 U ia64 3426292962 unlimited-user license
nm files/zzuf/bugs/lol-hpux-ia64-nm SIGSEGV in nm_elf ?

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