source: libcaca/trunk/doc/tutorial.dox @ 1945

Last change on this file since 1945 was 1945, checked in by Sam Hocevar, 13 years ago
  • Tutorial was generating a warning since the deprecation of cucul_putstr().
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[836]1/* $Id: tutorial.dox 1945 2007-11-13 11:18:59Z sam $ */
[1879]3/** \page libcaca-tutorial A libcucul and libcaca tutorial
[1279]5 Before writing your first libcaca application, you need to know the difference between libcucul and libcaca :
6- libcucul is the text rendering library. It will do all the work you actually need. From imports (text, ANSI, caca internal format, all of this supporting n-bytes unicode), to exports (sames formats, adding SVG, PostScript, TGA, HTML (both 3 and 4), IRC), it'll cover all your needs.
7- libcaca handle everything that can be hardware related. It includes display (RAW, X11, OpenGL, Windows (GDI), conio (DOS), ncurses, slang, text VGA (IMB-Compatible)), keyboard (same drivers but RAW), mouse (same drivers but RAW and VGA), time and resize events (on windowed drivers).
[1279]9So, you can write a libcucul only program, but you <b>can't</b> write a libcaca only program, it'll be nonsense. Period.
12First, a working program, very simple, to check you can compile and run it :
[836]16#include <cucul.h>
17#include <caca.h>
19int main(void)
21    /* Initialise libcaca */
22    cucul_canvas_t *cv; caca_display_t *dp; caca_event_t ev;
23    cv = cucul_create_canvas(0, 0);
24    dp = caca_create_display(cv);
25    /* Set window title */
26    caca_set_display_title(dp, "Hello!");
27    /* Choose drawing colours */
[1295]28    cucul_set_color_ansi(cv, CUCUL_BLACK, CUCUL_WHITE);
[836]29    /* Draw a string at coordinates (0, 0) */
[1945]30    cucul_put_str(cv, 0, 0, "This is a message");
[836]31    /* Refresh display */
[923]32    caca_refresh_display(dp);
[836]33    /* Wait for a key press event */
34    caca_get_event(dp, CACA_EVENT_KEY_PRESS, &ev, -1);
35    /* Clean up library */
36    caca_free_display(dp);
37    cucul_free_canvas(cv);
39    return 0;
45What does it do ? (we skip variable definitions, guessing you have a brain) :
[1280]46- Create a cucul canvas. A canvas is where everything happens. Writing characters, sprites, strings, images, everything. It is mandatory and is the reason of libcuculs' beeing. Size is there a width of 0 pixels, and a height of 0 pixels. It'll be resized according to contents you put in it.
48- Create a caca display. This is basically the window. Physically it can be a window (most of the displays), a console (ncurses, slang) or a real display (VGA).
50- Set the window name of our display (only available in windowed displays, does nothing otherwise). (so this is libcaca related)
52- Set current colors to black background, and white foreground of our canvas (so this is libcucul related)
54- Put a string "This is a message" with current colors in our libcucul canvas.
56- Refresh our caca display, whish was firstly attached to our canvas
58- Wait for an event of type "CACA_EVENT_KEY_PRESS", which seems obvious.
60- Free display (release memory)
62- Free canvas (release memory and close window if any)
[1280]65You can then compile this code under UNIX-like systems with following command : (you'll need pkg-config and gcc)
67gcc `pkg-config --libs --cflags cucul caca` example.c -o example
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